The Republic of Iraq is in Western Asia, bordering Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Iran, Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia. The capital city, Baghdad is in the center-east of the country. Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run through the center of Iraq. These provide Iraq with agriculturally capable land and contrast with the steppe and desert landscape that covers most of Western Asia. Historically, the territory comprising Iraq was known in Europe as ‘Mesopotamia’(Land between the rivers), and it’s Arabic name has been use since the 5th century. Iraq is often referred to as the “Cradle of Civilization,” as it was home to the earliest known civilization on Earth, the Sumerian civilization, which arose in the fertile Tigris-Euphrates river valley of southern Iraq. It was here in the late 4th millennium BC, that the world’s first writing system and recorded history itself were born. The Sumerian civilization flourished for over 3,000 years and was followed by other famous empires: Akkadia, Assyria, Babylonia.
More than four million Iraqis have been displaced by the war in Iraq and its aftermath. There are approximately 250 Iraqis in the Utica area. Finally, we want to say that in spite of the wars, the Iraqi people hope for the peace of all countries. Out of a population of 30 million, 500,000 innocent people have been killed without any reason in our country. We offer special thanks for this great country, America. Thanks to everyone in the United States for helping and supporting the Iraqi people. We love all our brothers.